Innocent III

   Pope (q.v.) from 1198-1216 whose efforts at church union (q.v.) reached an unforeseen conclusion in the Fourth Crusade's (q.v.) conquest of Constantinople (q.v.). Innocent lost control of the Crusade to the Venetians, who used the Crusade to capture the Christian city of Zara (q.v.) in 1202. For this, the pope excommunicated the Crusaders, including the Venetians. He then lifted the ban on the Crusaders in order to allow them to collaborate with the (still excommunicated) Venetians. Innocent's subsequent wait-and-see attitude seemed to bear fruit when the Fourth Crusade conquered Constantinople in 1204. Thereafter, despite attempts at persuasion and even the forcible inclusion of the Byzantine church within the Latin church, real union of the churches (q.v.) was never achieved.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • Innocent III —     Pope Innocent III     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Innocent III     (Lotario de Conti)     One of the greatest popes of the Middle Ages, son of Count Trasimund of Segni and nephew of Clement III, born 1160 or 116 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • INNOCENT III — INNOCENT III, GIOVANNI LOTARIO comte de SEGNI (1160 1216) pape (1198 1216) Lothaire, de la famille des comtes de Segni, élu pape le 8 janvier 1198 sous le nom d’Innocent III, est considéré comme le plus grand pontife du Moyen Âge. Il étudia la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Innocent III — (Giovanni Lotario de Conti) 1161? 1216, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1198 1216. * * * orig. Lothar of Segni born 1160/61, Gavignano Castle, Campagna di Roma, Papal States died July 16, 1216, Perugia Pope (1198–1216). Innocent, who was trained in… …   Universalium

  • Innocent III — Cet article concerne le pape du début du XIIIe siècle. Pour l’antipape, voir Innocent III (antipape). Innocent III Pape de l’Église catholique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Innocent III — (ca. 1160–1216)    pope    Innocent III was the most powerful and influential pope of the high Middle Ages, and in terms of political power as well as spiritual authority, his pontificate marks the historical apex of papal influence.He succeeded… …   Encyclopedia of medieval literature

  • Innocent III — (1160–1216)    Pope.    Innocent was born Giovanni Lotario de’ Conti and was educated at the Universities of Paris and Bologna. In 1190 he was made a Cardinal Deacon and, at the age of thirty seven, he was unanimously elected Pope. He is… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Innocent (III) — ▪ antipope original name  Lando Di Sezze   born , Sezze, Papal States died , La Cava, Apulia       last of four antipopes (1179–80) during the pontificate of Alexander III. A member of a family of German origin, he was a cardinal when elected on… …   Universalium

  • INNOCENT III —    1) Pope from 1198 to 1216;    2) the greatest of the name, born in Arragon; succeeded Celestine III.; extended the territorial power of the Church, and made nearly all Christendom subject to its sway; essayed the recovery of Palestine, and… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Innocent III — noun Italian pope from 1198 to 1216 who instituted the Fourth Crusade and under whom papal intervention in European politics reached its height (1161 1216) • Syn: ↑Lotario di Segni • Instance Hypernyms: ↑pope, ↑Catholic Pope, ↑Roman Catholic Pope …   Useful english dictionary

  • Innocent III (antipape) — Innocent III (Lando Sitino), né à Sezze en Italie, est un religieux catholique italien du XIIe siècle, qui fut antipape en 1179 et 1180. Il est élu le 29 mars 1179 en tant que successeur de Calixte III par quelques cardinaux… …   Wikipédia en Français

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